Build Your Vocabulary – Part 4

                                                  The phrase Words Have Power  on a Blackboard

We can never have enough of words , can we ? Here is the 4th edition for you…Keep learning, keep writing !!!!

Word Meaning Sentence
Chutzpah Shameless audacity, impudence, offensively bold He is burning bridges with his near and dear ones. That requires chutzpah.
Brazen Bold without shame The thieves were brazen enough to leave a mocking note for the investigators.
Hedonism Sensual self-indulgence My neighbor is a hedonist. He parties all night.
bonhomie cheerful friendliness , geniality, affability The instant bonhomie developed between children is admirable.
ludicrous foolish, unreasonable, or out of place as to be amusing. The ludicrous movie is about a dog that becomes the president of a country.
luminary Inspiration A luminary leader of a famous political party, Jane has inspired many to eradicate corruption.
Despotism Despotism is a form of government in which a single entity rules with absolute power

A despot is a person ho exercises absolute control in a cruel or oppressive way

Once the despot killed his parents, he was able to run the country with an iron fist.
incarceration imprisonment Jude remained incarcerated but Alex, facing a lesser charge, was released on bail.
Machiavellian cunning, scheming, and unscrupulous, especially in politics. He and his machiavellian son destroyed the country’s economy to reap their own benefits
Pedantic excessively concerned with minor details or rules; overscrupulous. his analyses are careful and even painstaking, but never pedantic
Travesty a false, absurd, or distorted representation of something. It would be a travesty of justice to put an innocent man in jail.
pusillanimity someone who is not courageous The pusillanimous student was bullied by his seniors everyday at school.
reparation to make amends for wrong doing Alec tried to make reparation for the hurt feelings he had caused, but Emily wasn’t having any of it.
evangelize to preach The teachers in school evangelize the importance of God – worship.
promiscuous having or characterized by many transient sexual relationships. It was general knowledge that Lori had been promiscuous in her youth.
archaic very old or old fashioned The original Ford Model T car is considered archaic when compared to modern vehicles
regression a return to former or less developed state While my students did well on the algebra quiz last week, this week’s test scores are much lower and show a great deal of regression
niggle cause slight but persistent annoyance, discomfort, or anxiety. The major niggle with the film is its over dramatic climax.
schmaltz excessive sentimentality, especially in music or films. At the end of the film the audience were drowned in a sea of schmaltz
calumny he making of false and defamatory statements about someone in order to damage their reputation; slander. The editor refused to publish the calumny that could possibly destroy the politician’s career.
sapiosexual One who finds intelligence the most sexually attractive feature. “I want an incisive, inquisitive, insightful, irreverent mind. I want someone for whom philosophical discussion is foreplay. I want someone who sometimes makes me go ouch due to their wit and evil sense of humor. I want someone that I can reach out and touch randomly. I want someone I can cuddle with.
I decided all that means that I am sapiosexual.”
sully damage the purity or integrity of, make dirty Ashes and dirt sullied his uniform and made him sneeze.
mull think about something deeply at length government needs to seriously mull corrective measures to eliminate increasing incidents of crime in the capital.
Schadenfreude pleasure derived by someone from another person’s misfortune. When the winning team saw their rivals saddened by defeat, they felt a sense of schadenfreude.
paucity presence of something in small or insufficient quantities. Even though the school claims to be a major university, it has merely a paucity of courses for students to take.
arrears unpaid overdue debt, unfulfilled obligation With its failure to repay the roughly 1.6 billion euros ($1.8 billion) to the IMF, Greece becomes the first developed country to fall into arrears
alter ego An intimate, trusted friend My sister is my alter ego.
clairvoyance the supposed faculty of perceiving things or events in the future or beyond normal sensory contact, psychic abilities Although Heather is not a clairvoyant, she is very good at predicting how others will respond to certain incidents.
echelon a level or rank in an organization, profession or society Because Bill is at the highest echelon of his company, he receives a huge salary.
bigotry intolerance towards those who hold different opinions from oneself. Because Helen is very close-minded, many people consider her to be a bigot.

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