Build Your Vocabulary – Part 3

Words , words everywhere , too many words to learn ..!!

Word Meaning Sentence
Quid Pro Quo (“something for something” in Latin) means an exchange of goods or services, where one transfer is contingent upon the other. The quid pro quo between the government and smugglers raises suspicion.
contingent dependent Our purchase of the house is contingent upon having the roof re-done.
nefarious Wicked or criminal To call that handicapped woman names is not only mean, but it is nefarious.
chagrin feel distressed or humiliated. To her chagrin, Jill placed second in the beauty pageant.
shenanigan silly or high-spirited behaviour; mischief. Billy and Tom are playing noisily upstairs again. They’re up to their usual shenanigans.
statute Written law passed by a legislative body Some legal experts say conflict of interest is not an issue to be dealt with by statute.
furlough Leave of absence In cases of parole the circumstances are stricter as compared to furlough and the prisoner has to prove that someone in his family is unwell and depends on the prisoner for his well-being.
cajole persuade (someone) to do something by sustained coaxing or flattery. His wife hoped to cajole her husband into buying her a diamond necklace.
intractable difficult or stubborn, hard to deal with The economic problems of this country are becoming intractable.
fulminate express vehement protest Students fulminated against the pre-poned exams.
braggart one who boasts or brags about his achievements or possessions ; braggadocio – boastful or arrogant behaviour You should achieve great things in life but stay humble. There is no respect for a braggart.
Cynical Cynicism – an attitude or state of mind characterized by a general distrust of others’ motives believing that humans are selfish by nature, ruled by emotion, and heavily influenced by the same primitive instincts that helped humans survive in the wild before agriculture and civilization became established. After being dumped by his girlfriend, Jack was cynical about dating other women.
Redress remedy or compensation When agents of the state indulge in serious crimes and violation of fundamental rights, the judiciary is the only redress available to a citizen.
Ambit scope, extent The military powers do not come under the ambit of judiciary.
egregious shockingly bad Although the police officers had the right to approach the suspect, they did not have the right to make egregious comments to him.
culpapble deserving blame Mercy killings are less culpable than ordinary murders”
rife widespread Speculations were rife about the actress having an affair with his co-star.
coterie a small group of people with shared interests or tastes Jane and her coterie of social activists work for the empowerment of women.
grouse complaint, cause for unhappiness Jim’s primary grouse for not going to the party is his sartorial disappointment. He does not like his blazer.
gravitas dignity, seriousness or solemnity of manner A leader must have gravitas and be capable of commanding respect from others.
ignominy public shame or disgrace “I am always the one who is responsible for anything bad that happens in Indian cricket”,Dhoni gave a tongue-in-cheek reply to a question at the post-match press conference after India suffered the ignominy of their first ever series defeat against Bangladesh.
tardiness quality of being late, lateness Please excuse me for my tardiness. I was stuck in traffic.
dud failing to meet expectations,unsatisfactory, faulty Many of his dud articles were rightfully rejected.
promenade a paved public walk, typically along a seafront It is said that on a fine day, more than 1000 bikes can be found on the Promenade at a time.
belligerent hostile and aggressive While the members of the president’s cabinet wanted him to take a belligerent stance against a neighboring country, the president sought a peaceful compromise.

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