English language is an ocean of words, phrases, idioms, proverbs. The moment you feel complacent that you have sailed across this ocean, you realize that you have not even left the land. It was just a wave that had hit you while you were standing on the shore. Such is the infiniteness. And so I believe, even if I cover 10,000 parts of vocabulary section, it will be a mere drop. Nevertheless, let’s just keep going drop by drop. Here is part -2 for the vocabulary section.
|acrimonious||Bitter, angry, ascerbic (usually of speech/discussion)||The acrimonious dispute for ancestral property between two brothers brought shame to family’s name.|
|hegemonistic||Referring to political domination,hegemony||China’s hegemonistic ambitions to conquer coveted resources of Africa clearly indicates that China aspires to be a superpower in the coming decades.|
|reinvigorate||Give new energy or strength to something||After economic depression, the banking sector reinvigorated the economy of the country.|
|prescience||The fact of knowing something in advance, foreknowldege||We could not deny the fortuneteller’s prescience when his prophecies were realized.|
|venerable||Commanding respect by virtue of age, dignity, character or position||The venerable investment bank Lehman Brothers filed bankruptcy on 15th September,2008 which led to the great economic crisis.|
|kaput||Broken and useless, no longer working, demolished||SBI had merged State Bank of Saurashtra in August 2008,jus a month before global meltdown was triggerd by Lehman brothers going kaput.|
|Phlegmatic||Relaxed and peaceful
Four temperaments is a proto-psychological theory that suggests that there are four fundamental personality types, sanguine, choleric , melancholic, and phlegmatic.
|The normal phlegmatic banker was shocked to hear of his bank going bankrupt.|
|sanguine||Optimistic ,leader-like||I am sanguine about his career.|
|choleric||Bad tempered, or irritable||His choleric temperament did not earn him good friends.|
|melancholic||Pensive sadness, analytical and quiet|| After his failure in the exams, he became melancholic.
Determination slowly replaced melancholy and we returned to work.
|Illiquid||(of assets) not easily converted into cash.||The bank faced a bankrupt situation because most of their assets had become illiquid.|
|audacity||Boldness, fearlessness, impudence||Only and only Kangana Ranaut could have done this. The ‘Queen’ of b-town has shown the audacity to refuse a movie with Salman Khan.|
|truce||An agreement between opponents to stop fighting for some time||After general assembly’s heated debate, the speaker called for a temporary truce.|
|Vex||Make someone feel annoyed,frustrated,worried||The problem vexed him until he decided to face it.|
|Nepotism||Patronage granted to relatives
By person with power/influence
|We see a great deal of nepotism in Indian politics.|
|prerogative||The exclusive right or power held by a person||Since he was a senior member in the golf club, he had the prerogative to reject new member applications.|
|Kingpin||a person or thing important for success of the organization or an operation||Joint commissioner of police, southwestern range, Dependra Pathak said the kingpin of the gang, Vinod Kumar (42), set up RJJS in 2011 and then roped in Shiksha Chowdhary (28) and Anil Pandey (29) as co-directors of the unregistered NGO.|
|farce||farce is a broad satire or comedy, though now it’s used to describe something that is supposed to be serious but has turned ridiculous. If a defendant is not treated fairly, his lawyer might say that the trial is a farce.||The trial was a complete farce, the jury obviously knowing their verdict before proceedings even began.|
|adept||Skilled or proficient at something||Mark is an adept juggler who can easily manager four balls in the air without dropping one.|
|ebullient||cheerful,full of energy||The ebullient song was so uplifting that I danced in my chair.|
|vagary||an unexpected and inexplicable change in a situation or in someone’s behaviour||Today’s stock market vagary cost investors millions of dollars.|
|innocuous||not offensive or harmful||Because the virus was innocuous, the hospital staff had no need to worry about the leak.|
|alacrity||brisk and cheerful readiness||She accepted the invitation with alacrity.|
|sartorial||related to dress||There were no sartorial distractions this time when Modi visited Bangladesh.|
|sojourn||a temporary stay||My husband’s perfect idea of a sojourn is a two-nights stay at a secluded cabin in front of a stream overflowing with fish.|
|brevity||shortness of time, use of exact words||I hope the chief guest exercises brevity in his speech today.I am tired of listening.
Inspite of the brevity of his shopping trip, he bought a lot of things
|grappled||engage in a close fight or struggle||India has grappled with terror — internally and externally — for a long time.|
|umbrage||annoyance, offence||She took umbrage to my joke.|
|cognizant||have knowledge or awareness||I am fully cognizant of the side-effects drugs will have on my health.|
|sacrilege||misuse of something regarded as sacred||It is considered an act of sacrilege for anyone to touch the sacred statue.|
|blasphemy||the action or offence of speaking sacrilegiously about God or sacred things; profane talk.||When Jake made a joke in church, his mother accused him of blasphemy.|