Build Your Vocabulary Part-2

English language is an ocean of words, phrases, idioms, proverbs. The moment you feel complacent that you have sailed across this ocean, you realize that you have not even left the land. It was just a wave that had hit you while you were standing on the shore. Such is the infiniteness. And so I believe, even if I cover 10,000 parts of vocabulary section, it will be a mere drop. Nevertheless, let’s just keep going drop by drop. Here is part -2 for the vocabulary section.

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Word Meaning Sentence
acrimonious Bitter, angry, ascerbic (usually of speech/discussion) The acrimonious dispute for ancestral property between two brothers brought shame to  family’s name.
hegemonistic Referring to political domination,hegemony China’s hegemonistic ambitions to conquer coveted resources of Africa clearly indicates that China aspires to be a superpower in the coming decades.
reinvigorate Give new energy or strength to something After economic depression, the banking sector reinvigorated the economy of the country.
prescience The fact of knowing something in advance, foreknowldege We could not deny the fortuneteller’s prescience when his prophecies were realized.
venerable Commanding respect by virtue of age, dignity, character or position The venerable investment bank Lehman Brothers filed bankruptcy on 15th September,2008  which led to the  great economic crisis.
kaput Broken and useless, no longer working, demolished SBI had merged State Bank of Saurashtra in August 2008,jus a month before global meltdown was triggerd by Lehman brothers going kaput.
Phlegmatic Relaxed and peaceful

Four temperaments is a proto-psychological theory that suggests that there are four fundamental personality types, sanguine, choleric , melancholic, and phlegmatic.

The normal phlegmatic banker was shocked to hear of his bank going bankrupt.
sanguine Optimistic ,leader-like   I am sanguine about his career.
choleric Bad tempered, or irritable His choleric temperament did not earn him good friends.
melancholic Pensive sadness, analytical and quiet  After his failure in the exams, he became melancholic.

Determination slowly replaced melancholy and we returned to work.

Illiquid (of assets) not easily converted into cash. The bank faced a bankrupt situation because most of their assets had become illiquid.
audacity Boldness, fearlessness, impudence Only and only Kangana Ranaut could have done this. The ‘Queen’ of b-town has shown the audacity to refuse a movie with Salman Khan.
truce An agreement between  opponents to stop fighting for some time After general assembly’s heated debate, the speaker called for a temporary truce.
Vex Make someone feel annoyed,frustrated,worried The problem vexed him until he decided to face it.
Nepotism Patronage granted to relatives

By person with power/influence

We see a great deal of nepotism in Indian politics.
prerogative The exclusive right or power held by a person Since he was a senior member in the golf club, he had the prerogative to reject new member applications.
Kingpin a person or thing important for success of the organization or an operation Joint commissioner of police, southwestern range, Dependra Pathak said the kingpin of the gang, Vinod Kumar (42), set up RJJS in 2011 and then roped in Shiksha Chowdhary (28) and Anil Pandey (29) as co-directors of the unregistered NGO.
farce farce is a broad satire or comedy, though now it’s used to describe something that is supposed to be serious but has turned ridiculous. If a defendant is not treated fairly, his lawyer might say that the trial is a farce. The trial was a complete farce, the jury obviously knowing their verdict before proceedings even began.
adept Skilled or proficient at something Mark is an adept juggler who can easily manager four balls in the air without dropping one.
ebullient cheerful,full of energy The ebullient song was so uplifting that I danced in my chair.
vagary an unexpected and inexplicable change in a situation or in someone’s behaviour Today’s stock market vagary cost investors millions of dollars.
innocuous not offensive or harmful Because the virus was innocuous, the hospital staff had no need to worry about the leak.
alacrity brisk and cheerful readiness She accepted the invitation with alacrity.
sartorial related to dress There were no sartorial distractions this time when Modi visited Bangladesh.
sojourn a temporary stay My husband’s perfect idea of a sojourn is a two-nights stay at a secluded cabin in front of a stream overflowing with fish.
brevity shortness of time, use of exact words I hope the chief guest exercises brevity in his speech today.I am tired of listening.

Inspite of the brevity of his shopping trip, he bought a lot of things

grappled engage in a close fight or struggle India has grappled with terror — internally and externally — for a long time.
umbrage annoyance, offence She took umbrage to my joke.
cognizant have knowledge or awareness I am fully cognizant of the side-effects drugs will have on my health.
sacrilege misuse of something regarded as sacred It is considered an act of sacrilege for anyone to touch the sacred statue.
blasphemy the action or offence of speaking sacrilegiously about God or sacred things; profane talk. When Jake made a joke in church, his mother accused him of blasphemy.

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