Phrasal verbs – B

Drop-off let-down 1 breakdown add-up cartoon falloutjpg

Phrasal Verbs are very interesting. Aren’t they ? With the actual meaning hiding behind a veil, the words give an enigmatic turn to your writing skills. Here is a list of phrasal verbs starting with the letter ‘B’ for your reference. Use them in your piece and let it do wonders for you !

Phrasal Verb Definition Example
back down stop defending your opinion in a debate Jane never backs down. She always wins arguments.
back out not keep (a promise, agreement, deal) Sam backed out at the last second.
back out of not keep (a promise, agreement, deal) Sam backed out of the agreement at the last second.
back up give support You need examples to back up your opinion.
back up move backwards, reverse Could you back up a little so I can open this drawer.
bawl out criticize, reprimand (inf.) She bawled him out for arriving late.
bear down on bite The soldier had to bear down on the leather strap while the doctor removed a bullet from the soldier’s arm.
bear down on take strong measures against The U.S.A. is bearing down on drug traffickers.
bear on have to do with This information may bear on this case.
bear up withstand I didn’t think he would bear up so well in that situation.
bear up under withstand How did he bear up under such extreme pressure.
bear with be patient Please bear with me while I fill out the paperwork.
blow in visit unexpectedly (inf.) My cousin blew in unexpectedly with his entire family.
blow over pass without creating a problem All this negative publicity will blow over in a couple of weeks.
blow up make explode; destroy using explosives The terrorists blew the bridge up.
blow up explode The bomb blew up before they could defuse it.
blow up suddenly become very angry When Joan heard the news, she blew up and rushed out of the room.
break down analyze in detail We need to break this problem down in order to solve.
break down stop working properly The truck broke down in the desert.
break down become mentally ill She broke down after her husband died.
break in wear or use something new until it is comfortable I need to break these shoes in before I go hiking.
break in interrupt While we were discussing the situation, Terri broke in to give her opinion.
break in enter a place unlawfully The burglar broke in between midnight and 3 AM.
break in on interrupt (a conversation) Jane broke in on the conversation and told us to get back to work.
break into enter a house unlawfully The burglar broke into the house between midnight and 3 AM.
break into interrupt (a conversation) Jane broke into the conversation and told us what she knew.
break off end something Sally broke her engagement to John off.
break out appear violently Violent protests broke out in response to the military coup.
break out use something extravagant for celebration He broke out the champagne to celebrate his promotion.
break out  of escape The murderer broke out of the prison.
break up break into pieces I broke the cracker up into pieces and put it in the soup.
break up disperse (a crowd), stop (a fight) The police broke the demonstration up before it got out of control.
break up end a relationship Sam and Diane broke up again. What a rocky relationship.
bring about cause to happen Democracy brought about great change in the lives of the people.
bring along bring with When we go to the forest, bring your wildlife guide along.
bring around change someone’s mind, convince someone She doesn’t want to go, but we’ll eventually bring her around.
bring away learn or gain (from an experience) My trip across the Sahara was difficult, but I brought a new appreciation for life away from the experience.
bring off succeed at something difficult or unexpected You robbed the bank! I can’t believe you brought that off.
bring on cause something I can’t believe she got so angry. What brought that on?
bring out highlight, stress Your new shirt brings out the color of your eyes.
bring over bring to someone’s house When you visit me, why don’t you bring over your son?
bring to revive consciousness We used smelling salts to bring her to after she fainted.
bring up mention I didn’t want to bring up the fact that she was unemployed.
bring up raise ( a child) Sam was brought up in South Carolina.
brush off ignore something or someone (inf.) Mary brushed her ex-boyfriend off at the party.
burn down destroy by setting fire to The children burned the house down while playing with matches.
burn down burn until completely gone (building) Two buildings burnt down in the fire.
burn up be hot I am burning up in here – open the window.
burn up consume by fire The papers were burned up in the fire.
burn up destroy by fire He burnt up the files.
buy out buy the shares of a company or the shares the other person owns of a business Pacific Inc. was bought out by a company from Oregon.
buy up purchase the entire supply of something We bought up all the beer in the store.

Source: www.englishpage.com/prepositions/phrasaldictionary.html

Dear Sherlock

                                                i_am_sherlocked_wallpaper_by_pchunt-d7o5qxg

To

Mr. Sherlock Holmes
Consulting Detective
221-B Baker Street, London

Dear Mr. Sherlock Holmes,

For a girl who has spent her childhood lost in the world created by Sir Doyle, reading about your prowess in criminal investigation, your theory of meticulous and precise deductions, the innocuous arrogance and supremacy towards Scotland Yard, the faithful friendship with confidant Dr. John Watson, the subtle but witty sense of humor and amusement at flattery, the frivolous fights with Mrs. Hudson (the landlady) over shooting the wall to fight boredom, – Sherlock, you are an idol. The youngest of the Holmes family and preceded by elder brother Mycroft Holmes whose intelligence exceeded yours, yet you were the crime solver.

    large           large

I cannot thank Sir Arthur Conan Doyle enough for introducing you and your stories to the world. A genius who is so accurate in reasoning and deductions, yet unaware of the fact that earth revolves around the sun – what goes in your mind palace is a mystery to me. Detached from emotions and sentiments you are a cold Consulting Detective, yet your friendship with John is most celebrated; Untouched by love – yet there is an enigma surrounding your admiration for Irene Adler – The Woman who outwitted you ( that makes her even more special ! ) and whose intelligence left an indelible impression on your mind; you are a paradox to me.

tumblr_mzooa56wlA1rzik3go1_500              sherlock-holmes-jeremy-brett-and-david-burke 

You, along with your doctor friend, – Dr. John Watson for whom I have immense respect, have solved unsolvable mysteries and brought nefarious criminals to book. No matter what it took, you risked your own life and faked your own death to doom your archenemy and criminal mastermind, Professor Moriarty. The world is indebted to you both for you bravery and valor. Oh! Your death! , How deeply it would have pained John! But your miraculous return after three years left both of us reveling. But you never insisted on becoming a hero.

                                                           tumblr_lv4uepQjKA1r210bno1_500

To you, Sherlock, I would like to confess my deepest love and admiration.

With a heavy heart I say, you are my favorite FICTIONAL character.

 How earnestly I wish you were for real!

– A proud Sherlock fan

signature

Leave your Expectations behind and let Life Surprise you !

                                                    me_399_expectations

When has anything happened in your life according to YOUR plan or expectation? Well, in my case, everything in my life has happened in contrast to what I planned for. There is clearly a higher entity at work playing with all our minds.

Now – we, the pawns, are left with two choices – either to cry over every spilt ‘plans’ that has not turned out the way we expected, or to embrace the surprise turn of events with open arms. The latter would be an obvious choice. But it is not always easy for everyone to adjust to circumstances and throw disappointment to the wind. Each one of us has certain expectations from oneself, family, friends, beloved, relationships, career and life at large. We come across many instances where disappointment has been caused by failure of meeting expectations-be it the setting of a career or a failed relationship. Each one of us beams with joy when things turn out the way we want them too. It is an accomplishment. We get disappointed equally soon in contrast situations.

But when you look back, you realize that whatever happened – happened for a greater good.

You see, the higher entity, about whom I mentioned earlier, is not one of the nefarious criminal of a dark movie, who seeks hedonist pleasure in watching his victims suffer. He is our creator and we are not his pawns. For His Sake, We are his children! Have you ever come across a sadist mother playing dirty, manipulative tricks with her child? He has a larger picture in mind – a greater good for you. In his Universe, everything is in place and under control. You just have to sit back and gape in amazement at his wonders.

b39594521e3ab34e7941f572ef7738dfExpectations often mar the vitality & the beauty of any relationship. Two DNAs are different to the core. How can you expect the entire human being to be on the same page with you at every occasion? Difference in thoughts is pretty normal. The fact that he did not react the way you expected him to should not dishearten you. There should be an understanding of differences with all expectations dumped into trash.

To free ourselves from the chains of expectations and surrender to the higher power is not a day’s job. By surrendering, I do not imply that we stop doing anything about anything. By surrendering I mean, you do your best but have no expectations. You give your best to your family. Be the best friend to your coterie. Give your 100% to your work, relationships, life but there is a condition – You should have no expectations. Many people have denounced their social life in a quest for the secret of happiness in this world. I say, the secret is to have no expectations – not from anybody, not from life. Be prepared for the worst turn of events. In that case, you will not be saddened and discouraged when things do not happen as you planned, and when things do happen like you wished – you have a significant reason to rejoice!

Give your best to the world but don’t worry yourself over what will come back to you.

Sooner or later, whatever is destined to be yours will be yours!

signature

165671

Over Expressive Social Media

funny-social-media-jokes    social-media-overreaction

Present generation is a generation of tweets , status updates, Instagram posts, hashtags, selfies, 1000+ virtual friends – a generation of ‘ cyber socialites ‘. If all the listed things appear jargon to you –

  1. You live in a cave , and
  2. You HAVE a life !! (err , as in you have a cave life and not  a cyber social life (pun intended ) –Alas !  you are still a homosapien .You have a lot to evolve – Behold the arrival of the  ‘Cyber Socialites’.  )

The advent of the social media has brought an enormous change in the way people communicate and portray themselves. I am on the same page with the social media enthusiasts when they say this platform is a fantastic opportunity to be in touch with one’s near and dear ones. Not only that, it helps to share and promote humanitarian causes as well. But social media , nowadays , is doing everything , except for fulfilling its primary objective

For example :

1. A status update by a girl: Feeling loved with . ( I am tracking your moods on a regular basis. Noted that down. )

2. A status update by a guy: My friends gave me a surprise birthday party. Feeling blessed. ( I almost cried at this one …!! )

3. A random status update: feeling meh  ( what is that even suppose to mean ?  )

4. Location update by a random classmate :  ***** was at  Indira Gandhi International Airport. ( Okay , so you are in Delhi – 1200 kms away from me. Now I have to change my plans for the day ! Thanks for the update ! )

5. A guy uploaded 200 pictures in a album titled ‘ 2-day trip to Dubai ’  (Are you kidding me ?  Oh ! he missed to upload the pic of the dessert he had in lunch on the 2nd day  – I wanted to see that too.. 😛 )

6. Instagram picture of a girl at Goa beach : #funatGoa#beach#sunshine#family#goodfood#heaven#lifeisgood (My reply : #hardToread#whatyouwrote#usespacepleaese#Idontlikethisformat#gettingaheadache )

Social-Media-Jokes-Instagram           abb64cb3b05fcc6c6cc88a69c2500098

The Best One :

Status Update : Earthquake !!   What should I do ? Feeling scared (You can start with getting yourself to safety first ) – Although I agree that during earthquakes, social media do help to connect people when the telecom networks are down.

Thank God !  twitterverse allows only 140 characters, otherwise our live feed would get a saga every second . but I hear, even they are going to remove this restriction & let people flow their emotions into every tweet.  over-connected-world                 19c9a43b18d7279cd1329b322a8e2840

Cutting to the chase, I believe that nowadays people are getting more superficial on social media – trying to snatch everyone’s attention with their random posts, status updates, location and entire itinerary of their vacations. There is little information and a lot of garbage. I am not against sharing one’s memorable moments, but I don’t think that means his entire routine. If one wants to give his opinion on something or share his pedantic stories, he should start a blog. Interested people will follow.

I do not want to nip the beginners’ enthusiasm in the bud. Try your hand at social media for sure. ( Being an amateur once on social media – I, too, have my share of ludicrous status updates and tweets !) . But do not become an over expressive , superficial cyber socialite. There is still more to a cave man ‘s life than meet the eyes.

signature

jim-carrey-typing1

Commonly Used Idioms Part -4

                                                 GALL-BLOG_Idioms

Are you falling short of idioms to juice up your writing skills – here ‘s the 4th Edition of Idioms , exclusively for you !!

Idiom Meaning Sentence
Burn bridges To permanently and unpleasantly end your relationship with a person or organization He has burned bridges with his company so badly that it affecting his career.
Be baying for blood If someone is baying for blood of a person, he wants the person to be hurt or punished Families of the victims were baying for blood during the trial.
The head honcho Most important person in an organization

Honcho : person-in-charge,leader

You’ll have to ask Alan, he’s the head honcho in our department.
Nip in the bud to put an end to something before it develops into something larger. By arresting all the leaders, they nipped the rebellion in the bud.
On the same page In agreement, have the same understanding or amount of knowledge. Jane organized a meeting solely to assure that all her team members were on the same page regarding the recent critical requirement.
Rear its ugly head to appear or become obvious after lying hidden.(for something unpleasant) The interview went very well until a question about his academic record reared its ugly head
Write in black and white write down the terms of an agreement; to draw up a written contract; to put the details of something down on paper. We agree on all the major points. Now, let’s write it in black and white.
Run amok to go awry; to go bad; to turn bad; to go into a frenzy. Our plan ran amok.
Under a cloud Under suspicion Someone stole money at work.Now , everyone is under a cloud.
Albatross on one’s back/around one’s neck something that you have done or are connected with that keeps causing you problems and stops you from being successful The Emergency of 1975 is an albatross on Congress’s back.
straw in the wind a slight hint of the future The public unrest is a straw in the wind indicating future problems for the regime.
throw caution to the wind become careless Let’s throw caution to the wind and enjoy the party !
all in a day’s work part of what is expected, typical, normal Studying after office is all in a day’s work for me.
hunky dory fine, going well Everything was hunky dory at the meeting.
black and blue bruised , physically or emotionally She is still black and blue from her breakup.
hearth and home family and home Our first loyalties are to hearth and home.
take a beating to be severely criticized, to be damaaged by something A country’s image will take a beating if it is proved to be unsafe for women to live.
not give somebody the time of day to refuse to speak to someone because you do not like them or because you think you are better than them He’s so arrogant, he won’t even give you the time of day
play hardball to act strong and aggressive about an issue with someone. Things are getting a little tough. The president has decided to play hardball on this issue.
Cock a snook to show that you do not respect something or someone by doing something that insults them In the end he refused to accept his award, cocking a snook at the film industry for which he had such contempt.
food for thought something for someone to think about; issues to be considered. My adviser gave me some food for thought about job opportunities.
bite the dust to die The soldier was too young to bite the dust.

Build Your Vocabulary – Part 4

                                                  The phrase Words Have Power  on a Blackboard

We can never have enough of words , can we ? Here is the 4th edition for you…Keep learning, keep writing !!!!

Word Meaning Sentence
Chutzpah Shameless audacity, impudence, offensively bold He is burning bridges with his near and dear ones. That requires chutzpah.
Brazen Bold without shame The thieves were brazen enough to leave a mocking note for the investigators.
Hedonism Sensual self-indulgence My neighbor is a hedonist. He parties all night.
bonhomie cheerful friendliness , geniality, affability The instant bonhomie developed between children is admirable.
ludicrous foolish, unreasonable, or out of place as to be amusing. The ludicrous movie is about a dog that becomes the president of a country.
luminary Inspiration A luminary leader of a famous political party, Jane has inspired many to eradicate corruption.
Despotism Despotism is a form of government in which a single entity rules with absolute power

A despot is a person ho exercises absolute control in a cruel or oppressive way

Once the despot killed his parents, he was able to run the country with an iron fist.
incarceration imprisonment Jude remained incarcerated but Alex, facing a lesser charge, was released on bail.
Machiavellian cunning, scheming, and unscrupulous, especially in politics. He and his machiavellian son destroyed the country’s economy to reap their own benefits
Pedantic excessively concerned with minor details or rules; overscrupulous. his analyses are careful and even painstaking, but never pedantic
Travesty a false, absurd, or distorted representation of something. It would be a travesty of justice to put an innocent man in jail.
pusillanimity someone who is not courageous The pusillanimous student was bullied by his seniors everyday at school.
reparation to make amends for wrong doing Alec tried to make reparation for the hurt feelings he had caused, but Emily wasn’t having any of it.
evangelize to preach The teachers in school evangelize the importance of God – worship.
promiscuous having or characterized by many transient sexual relationships. It was general knowledge that Lori had been promiscuous in her youth.
archaic very old or old fashioned The original Ford Model T car is considered archaic when compared to modern vehicles
regression a return to former or less developed state While my students did well on the algebra quiz last week, this week’s test scores are much lower and show a great deal of regression
niggle cause slight but persistent annoyance, discomfort, or anxiety. The major niggle with the film is its over dramatic climax.
schmaltz excessive sentimentality, especially in music or films. At the end of the film the audience were drowned in a sea of schmaltz
calumny he making of false and defamatory statements about someone in order to damage their reputation; slander. The editor refused to publish the calumny that could possibly destroy the politician’s career.
sapiosexual One who finds intelligence the most sexually attractive feature. “I want an incisive, inquisitive, insightful, irreverent mind. I want someone for whom philosophical discussion is foreplay. I want someone who sometimes makes me go ouch due to their wit and evil sense of humor. I want someone that I can reach out and touch randomly. I want someone I can cuddle with.
I decided all that means that I am sapiosexual.”
sully damage the purity or integrity of, make dirty Ashes and dirt sullied his uniform and made him sneeze.
mull think about something deeply at length government needs to seriously mull corrective measures to eliminate increasing incidents of crime in the capital.
Schadenfreude pleasure derived by someone from another person’s misfortune. When the winning team saw their rivals saddened by defeat, they felt a sense of schadenfreude.
paucity presence of something in small or insufficient quantities. Even though the school claims to be a major university, it has merely a paucity of courses for students to take.
arrears unpaid overdue debt, unfulfilled obligation With its failure to repay the roughly 1.6 billion euros ($1.8 billion) to the IMF, Greece becomes the first developed country to fall into arrears
alter ego An intimate, trusted friend My sister is my alter ego.
clairvoyance the supposed faculty of perceiving things or events in the future or beyond normal sensory contact, psychic abilities Although Heather is not a clairvoyant, she is very good at predicting how others will respond to certain incidents.
echelon a level or rank in an organization, profession or society Because Bill is at the highest echelon of his company, he receives a huge salary.
bigotry intolerance towards those who hold different opinions from oneself. Because Helen is very close-minded, many people consider her to be a bigot.

Is celebrating Father’s Day, Mother’s day etc necessary ? I say – Yes ! It is extremely important – Here’s why …

how-to-have-a-better-relationship.WidePlayer

Of late, people have started questioning the necessity of various ‘days’ that have been given special significance by dedicating it to either family members or friends or lovers. The 2nd Sunday of May is celebrated as Mother’s day in India, while the 3rd Sunday of June is celebrated as Father’s day to commemorate the presence of our creators in our life. On a similar note, we have 1st Sunday of August dedicated to our chums and 14th February for our beloved – the latter being the most famous and most awaited by many – the Valentine’s Day. We have a long list of similar days – for your reference I have added the list at the end so that next time you do not forget – You are welcome ! 🙂

My primary grouse is that some people feel celebrating these days is redundant. They justify their stand by saying that they love their parents/friends/siblings/beloved and respect their contribution in their life – a fact known to everybody, so there is no need for a reminder – emotions count. Some ignore the significance by saying that they shower their love 365 days a year – they do not need a day to prove their love.

Dear people, neither am I doubting your love nor asking you to prove it. I am very sure that you have the greatest of  affection for your dear ones and you love them to the moon and back. The main objective behind celebrating these days is : expression of love.

I know you love your parents or friends or beloved, but how many times have you said it to them? If you do say it, I respect you because you understand that love sometimes need expression. For people like me who are shy & reserved and rarely confess their love, these days serve as a fresh breeze for our relationship ,giving us a much needed opportunity to express what we feel for them, letting us keep our shyness aside because we know we are not alone in this. It obliges us to take a break from our fast paced life, sit back, and make beautiful moments with our dear ones – take them out for dinner or shopping, pamper them, make them feel special. With beautiful moments, I do not mean social media. Of course, you can proclaim you love, but do not restrict it only to that platform. It is a time for you to re-discover your relationship with your parents or siblings – strengthen the bond with your friends, explore and experience emotions you have never felt before with your beloved.

Some readers might think – love is all that matters. Why do I need to say it a zillion times?

I agree. Love is what matters at the end. But to bring freshness into your relationship, you need to express it. You don’t have to do it a zillion times, nobody expects that – but once a year would be a good start. Another point to ponder over is that this should not be a mechanical process – do not do it just for the heck of it. If you do not want to say it on that day, say it on some other day. But say it. People underestimate the importance of expression of love, but –

Sometimes loving is just not enough – you need to express .

You need to break your silence and appreciate the presence of the special person in your life.

Remember, how happy you are when you are appreciated at school or work – it makes your day – isn’t it ? Then make somebody else’s day too…

– Amateur

As promised, here is the list of the important days:

Disclaimer: The following days are celebrated in India. Some days might differ based on geographical location. The author do not claim the authenticity of the dates.

Date Day
1st January Global Family Day
14th February Valentine’s Day
2nd Sunday of February World Marriage Day
8th March World women’s Day
2nd Sunday of May Mother’s Day
24th May Brother’s Day
3rd Sunday of June Father’s Day
13th June World Roommate’s day
1st Sunday of August World Friendship Day
2nd August Sister’s Day
11th August Son & Daughter’s Day
First Sunday after 5th September Grandparents’ Day
19th November World Men’s Day
23rd November World Mother-in-law’s Day